Algeria has a long history with mixed migratory flows. Movements to and from France has been a staple for decades because of historical and linguistic ties. Algeria also, initially a transit country, is increasingly becoming a destination country for irregular migrants, asylum seekers, undocumented labour migrants, unaccompanied migrant children (UMC), survivors of sexual and gender-based violence and victims of trafficking, who move within mixed migration flows and a majority becomes stranded in Algeria
Bahrain, together with other Gulf Countries, has a history of intra-regional overseas contract workers. These dynamics between the labour-sending and the GCC labour-receiving states continue to yield important economic benefits for involved parts including, of course, overseas contract workers.
Egypt is widely recognized as an important origin, transit and destination country for migrants.
In total nearly six million Iraqis have been displaced due to conflict since January 2014; more than 1.8 million continue to be displaced, and more than 4.1 million have returned (as of October 2018).
In 1990, IOM established its presence and conducted its first operation in Jordan with the evacuation of 165,000 Third Country Nationals who fled the first Iraqi crisis. In 1999, Jordan became a Member State of the organization.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia adopts the approach of development planning in drawing its social and economic policies and programs within the framework of comprehensive five year plans, which included two basic complementary roles: the guiding role, concerned with state institutions and the public sector, and an indicative role, related to the private sector.
The IOM office in Kuwait was established in 1991, and in 2017 the State of Kuwait joined IOM as an observer state.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) established its operations in Libya in 2006 and continues to maintain a strong presence in the country, with staff working from three offices in Tripoli and in southern and eastern Libya.
Morocco being a country of origin, transit and destination, IOM Morocco focuses its activities on three main thematic areas
As of May 27th 2015, estimates of Oman’s total population stood at 4,187,516 persons, of whom 1,849,412 (44.2 per cent) were foreign nationals.
IOM signed a cooperation agreement in December of 2018 and is looking to implement the first Counter Trafficking capacity building project in the first semester of 2019
IOM has been operating in Sudan since 2000; contributing to the Government of Sudan’s (GoS) efforts to facilitate and manage migration effectively while upholding the human dignity and well-being of migrants including internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees and asylum seekers.
More than a year after the events of January 14, 2011, the socioeconomic situation of Tunisia remains fragile and the country is facing important challenges.
IOM has been involved in the UAE since 2008, when it was engaged with the Ministry of Labour in the establishment of the Abu Dhabi Dialogue (ADD) and its Permanent Secretariat.
Yemen, which ranked 168 out of 188 countries on the Human Development Index at the start of the civil war in 2015, is now ranked 178.