Algeria has a long history with mixed migratory flows. Movements to and from France has been a staple for decades because of historical and linguistic ties. Algeria also, initially a transit country, is increasingly becoming a destination country for irregular migrants, asylum seekers, undocumented labour migrants, unaccompanied migrant children (UMC), survivors of sexual and gender-based violence and victims of trafficking, who move within mixed migration flows and a majority becomes stranded in Algeria. The majority of migrants who are seeking asylum and/or access to employment opportunities in Algeria become vulnerable at various stages of the migration process. Algeria recently made two substantial modifications to its legal regulations regarding migration. On the 25th of June 2008, it adopted the law 08-11 governing foreign nationals’ conditions of entry, stay and circulation, which abrogated the order n° 66-211 of the 21st of July 1966 regulating foreign nationals. This new law penalizes irregular entry, staying and departure from Algeria. In 2009, it reformed its penal code to add the offence of irregular exit from its territory for its citizens and foreign residents, as well as the crimes of migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons. Within the framework of the agreement between the governments of Niger and Algeria conducted in 2014, each year, thousands of migrants, the majority of whom are from Niger, are repatriated from Algeria towards Niger.
IOM Algeria, based in the capital of Algiers, is a relatively new office (created in May 2016) with a staff and projects continually growing and strengthening. Following the initial phase dedicated to the establishment of the office and relations with Algerian authorities and other counterparts in the country, the Country Office is currently looking to strengthening its capacity and to expanding activities with the aim to cover more areas within the field of migration management.
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