IOM involvement in Oman
Labour mobility management and assistance to stranded foreign workers, including trafficking in persons.
IOM’s initiative is related to identifying potential areas for collaboration and avenues for follow up with the Omani Ministry of Manpower as well as other relevant authorities in Oman.
IOM has played a major role in the establishment and development of the Abu Dhabi Dialogue. The ADD, of which Oman is a member, is a regional consultative process allowing GCC countries and major Asian countries of origin to discuss and collaborate on issues of common interest pertaining to international labour mobility.
Since its inception, IOM has:
- Provided logistical and technical support to Senior Official and Ministerial meetings;
- Implemented pilot projects supported by ADD Member States;
- Facilitated bilateral and multilateral dialogue and collaboration between the Member States.
IOM is also a partner to the UNODC/Arab League/ Qatar “Arab Initiative to combat human trafficking” and has supported a number of capacity building initiatives (protection-focused), which have also included Omani participants.
Partners in the Muscat Declaration for Gender Justice
On January 20th-21st, 2016, IOM’s Regional Director, Mrs. Carmela Godeau, attended a meeting with the UN ESCWA Women Committee in Muscat, Oman, to participate on discussions related to the advancement of the Gender Equality and Gender balance in the Member States national legislation, as well as the implementation of the SDGs (objective 17 on Gender) and the UNGA resolution 1035.
One of the outcomes of the meeting was the adoption of the “Muscat Declaration: Towards the Achievement of Gender Justice in the Arab Region” by ESCWA member States as a broad framework for the achievement of gender equality.
This newly adopted concept of gender justice exceeds the traditional concept of gender equality that limits equality to the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, to include the element of accountability to ensure the existence of effective mechanisms to eliminate discrimination.
Prospective opportunities between IOM and the Government of Oman:
Based on IOM’s work with GCC countries as well as major private sector companies, IOM could conduct an audit of labour supply chains within certain economic sectors and/or with private recruitment agencies in Oman to identify challenges in recruitment in countries of origin and destination that lead to (a) unethical recruitment practices and; (b) risks for employers in terms of skills match and competences of workers recruited.
Through the various initiatives that are being done in Kuwait, IOM can assess GoO’s work permit application system to identify areas for improved efficiencies and improved coherence between the foreign worker programme and labour market development objectives. The purpose of this type of study is to support countries of destination in refining labour mobility policies and programmes to maximize economic and labour market development objectives.
Building on the work IOM has conducted globally as well as within the GCC, IOM can develop and deliver a series of capacity building trainings and study tours for Ministry of Manpower and other relevant officials on (i) labour migration management; (ii) Counter Trafficking; (iii) Assistance to VoTs and can assist on case by case basis / Shelter Management; (iv) return and reintegration.
Considering the pilots developed in Kuwait and Qatar, IOM can extend its effort to support a pilot AVRR scheme in Oman.